Efficacy and Safety of HP-3070, an Asenapine Transdermal System, in Patients With Schizophrenia: A Phase 3, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Study
"Leslie Citrome, David P Walling, Courtney M Zeni, Brittney R Starling, Takaaki Terahara, Masaaki Kuriki, Alexandra S Park, Marina Komaroff
Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 2020 December 15, 82 (1)
OBJECTIVE: Asenapine is a second-generation antipsychotic used to treat individuals with schizophrenia. This phase 3 study assessed efficacy and safety of HP-3070, an asenapine transdermal system (patch), in adults with schizophrenia. METHODS: In this inpatient study, a 3- to 14-day screening/single-blind run-in washout period was followed by a 6-week double-blind period wherein patients with acutely exacerbated schizophrenia (DSM-5 criteria) were randomized 1:1:1 and received HP-3070 7.6 mg/24 h (n = 204), HP-3070 3.8 mg/24 h (n = 204), or placebo (n = 206). Primary endpoint was change from baseline (CFB) in week 6 Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) total score versus placebo; key secondary endpoint was CFB in week 6 Clinical Global Impression-Severity of Illness score versus placebo. Safety endpoints included treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) and dermal assessments. RESULTS: Each of the HP-3070 doses demonstrated significant improvement versus placebo at week 6 for the primary and key secondary endpoints. Differences in the least-squares mean (LSM) (95% CI; adjusted P) of CFB for PANSS total scores were -4.8 (-8.06 to -1.64; adjusted P = .003) and -6.6 (-9.81 to -3.40; adjusted P < .001) for 7.6 mg/24 h and 3.8 mg/24 h, respectively. HP-3070 was well tolerated, with a systemic safety profile consistent with sublingual asenapine. Incidence of application site TEAEs was higher for HP-3070 (14.2%, 7.6 mg/24 h; 15.2%, 3.8 mg/24 h) versus placebo (4.4%). Discontinuations due to application site reactions or skin disorders (urticaria, pruritus) were infrequent (≤ 0.5% per treatment group). CONCLUSIONS: HP-3070 7.6 mg/24 h and 3.8 mg/24 h doses were efficacious and well tolerated. As the first transdermal antipsychotic patch available in the US, HP-3070 offers a novel treatment option for people with schizophrenia."